ARISTEAS


ARISTEAS
ARISTEAS (Gr. Αριστέας; second or early first century B.C.E.), author of a history On the Jews, of which only one fragment consisting of about 16 lines survives. This summarizes the narrative portions of the book of Job and is inserted in an account of Genesis 36. Aristeas relates that Job was the son of Esau and his Edomite wife Bassarha, a native of Ausis, located between Idumea and Arabia. Formerly Job's name had been Jobab (Gen. 36:33). A just man, rich in cattle, God tried him by causing many misfortunes. Robbers drove away his cattle and later his camels, a fire from heaven burned his sheep together with the shepherds, the house fell down killing all of his children, ulcers covered his body. Eliphas, the king of the Themanites, Baldad, the tyrant of the Saucheans, and Sophar, the king of the Minneans, as well as Elihu, the son of Barachiel, the Zobite (read: Bozite), came to visit him. Job, however, rejected their consolations, saying that even without their help he would remain steadfast in his piety. God was pleased with Job and restored him to his former wealth. Scholars generally agree that Aristeas is not identical with the author of the so-called Letter of aristeas to Philocrates; this opinion is chiefly based on stylistic differences. alexander polyhistor , however, citing sections 88–90 of the Letter of Aristeas, which he names On The Interpretation of Jewish Laws, believed that its author also wrote the fragment on Job. Aristeas is clearly dependent on the Septuagint version of Job, but the postscript in the Septuagint (Job 42:17b–e) is in turn dependent on Aristeas. This postscript was taken from a passage dealing with Genesis 36 and apparently corrects Aristeas. Bassarha is said by Aristeas to have been Jobab's (Job's) mother because of a misunderstanding of Genesis 36:33, an error compounded by a slip which confused Bassarha with Basemath, which made Jobab (Job) the son of Esau. Septuagint, Job 42:17 corrects Aristeas' slip, but repeats his original error. There remains the problem of the meaning of the postscript in the Septuagint which alludes to a "Syriac Book." The allusion may be to a lost apocryphon to Job, echoes of which are possibly still discernible in the Testament of Job, Bava Batra 15b, Targum Job 2:9, and Jerome (on Gen. 22:21). Aristeas, too, may have been dependent on this Palestinian source. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Eusebius, Praeparatio Evangelica, tr. by J. Gifford, 9 (1903), 25; G. Riessler, Altjuedisches Schrifttum ausserhalb der Bibel (1928), 178; Schuerer, Gesch, 3 (19094), 480; Ginzberg, Legends, 5 (1955), 384. (Ben Zion Wacholder)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Aristeas — von Prokonnesos (altgr. Ἀριστέας, lat. Aristeas Proconnesius) lebte im 7. Jahrhundert v. Chr. und war ein antiker griechischer Dichter und Magier. Die Reise und das Epos Geboren als Sohn eines Kaystrobios auf der im Marmarameer gelegenen Insel… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ARISTÉAS — (ARISTÉAS VIe s.?) Mage et poète, lié au mythe des Hyperboréens, comme Abaris et Épiménidès, Aristéas serait l’auteur d’une épopée, Les Arismapes , qui relate l’invasion de l’Asie par les Cimmériens. Ceux ci auraient été chassés de leurs… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Aristeas — was a semi legendary Greek poet and miracle worker, a native of Proconnesus in Asia Minor, active ca. 7th century BCE. In book IV of The History , Herodotus reports that Aristeas appeared to drop down dead in a fuller s shop, but before his… …   Wikipedia

  • Aristeas — • A name given in Josephus to the author of a letter ascribing the Greek translation of the Old Testament to six interpreters sent into Egypt from Jerusalem Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Aristeas     Aristeas …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • ARISTEAS — Proconnesius genere, emicuit Cyri et Croesi temporibus, fil. Democharis, aut Caustrobii, Theogoniam scripsisse dicitur, Suidae verbis, καταλογάδην εἰς ἔπηα, Oratione solutâ ad versus mille. Sic interpres habet Admylius Portus, quem sequitur Vosl …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Aristĕas — Aristĕas, 1) A. Prokonnesios, von Prokonnesos; berühmt durch die Wundersage von seiner, von[709] Zeit zu Zeit immer erfolgenden Wiedergeburt, indem er Lehrer Homers, später Schüler des Pythagoras gewesen, noch 70 Jahre später zu Prokonnesos… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Aristĕas — Aristĕas, angeblich Beamter des Königs Ptolemäos II. Philadelphos und Verfasser eines griech. Briefes über die Entstehung der Septuaginta (s. d.). Das etwa 100 v. Chr. von einem ägyptischen Juden geschriebene Buch hat auch in der christlichen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Aristeas [1] — Aristeas (der Prokonesier), myth.; die griech. Berichte stimmen weder über sein Zeitalter noch über seine Person überein; er habe den Homer und Pythagoras gelehrt, sei ein Zauberer gewesen, bald da bald dort erschienen u.s.w.; alles weist darauf… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Aristeas [2] — Aristeas soll im 3. Jahrh. v. Chr. am Hofe des Ptolemäus Philadelphus gelebt und die 70 Uebersetzer des A. Test. auf des Königs Befehl nach Alexandrien geholt haben; darüber und über die Bibelübersetzung der 70 gibt er in einem Briefe Nachricht,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Aristeas — Aristeas,   Hofbeamter des ägyptischen Königs Ptolemaios II. Philadelphos im 3. Jahrhundert; ihm wurde der später verfasste Aristeasbrief (Legende von der Entstehung der Septuaginta) zugeschrieben …   Universal-Lexikon


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